Medical Ethics Medical Ethics The moral basis for practice of medicine has developed gradually over several thousand years and has its expression through what is commonly termed medical ethics. Pain-relief treatment that could shorten life, if it does not involve a primary intention to kill the patient, is not euthanasia. Refusals of treatments are morally and ethically different from euthanasia, and should remain legally different. The drive by bioethicists to have euthanasia become part of medical practice is unwelcome to many doctors.
Euthanasia can be mainly classified into voluntary and involuntary ones. Obviously, this issue is not only about the morality of Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users Choose a Membership Plan a specific decision of an individual patient, but rather the ethics of having a social policy and practice in the society as a whole.
Euthanasia, however, should not be legalized in Hong Kong as a social practice due to the overwhelming evidence of detrimental effects to individuals.
Also, this practice may reinforce inequality of health care services in society Emanuel, Reducing pain and suffering is an excuse Pain and suffering is not a valid reason to approve euthanasia legalization.
Actual or anticipated ache and suffering is one of the major causes for those terminally ill patients to ask for euthanasia, preferring die to receive treatments which will only prolong dying. In other words, euthanasia embraces a value of having a positive attitude of reducing suffering during the last journey of a person Lo, In Hong Kong, once a young man called Ben Chai, who has been staying in hospital for more than 10 years after an accident, wrote to the Hong Kong Government in to appeal for the legalization of euthanasia to reduce pain during his medical treatment Yahoo, Whether ache and suffering pose a sufficient reason for Ethical and legal implications of euthanasia essay individual to opt for euthanasia is, however, still in debate as argued by Dyck Dyck maintains that with the modern advanced medical system in many countries, the provision of comfort and care are in fact accessible for patients to reduce pain and soreness effectively.
Today, medical improvements are made in pain control in Hong Kong.
As medical treatments advance, the argument for euthanasia is accordingly weakened. According to Emanuel ina survey in America illustrated that In turn, patients may get some psychological reassurance when they know that euthanasia is a possible choice if their suffering is too intolerable.
Though life to some terminally ill patients is a great trial, other patients sharing similar situation may not be that pessimistic towards life and thereby, the loss of value of life does not justify an individual to choose euthanasia. This is also counter-argued by medical research evidence which illustrates that sometimes patients suffering from depression are able to regain courage to keep on living optimistically Emanuel, At the same time, psychological anxiety and distress are also created in patients from the possibility of euthanasia Emanuel, As a result, minimizing pain of individual patients both physically and psychologically is not a valid reason to support legalizing euthanasia.
Weakening the integrity of the medical profession Another reason against voluntary euthanasia is that it can unduly affect the professional roles of health care employees, especially doctors.
It has long been believed that the role of doctors is to heal rather than to kill. The introduction of euthanasia will therefore cause conflict in the role of doctors and have long term effects on the doctor patient relationship.
In the Netherlands, disabled people describe a growing mistrust of their doctors and fear of being admitted to hospitals where it used to be a place of care and safety for the needy of society. The reason behind is that doctors may become no longer professional as they are the ones who are indifferent to death and to cause death to patients.
Likewise, patients start to doubt the intensions of their doctors in diagnosis, and accordingly the trust between them is likely to fall. Dyck stresses that nearly all pain can be eliminated or reduced significantly if proper treatment is provided. More education of health care professionals is a better solution than using euthanasia to relieve pain of a patient.
Coercion of patients to use euthanasia against their wishes Moreover, legalizing euthanasia should not be allowed with a possibility of coercion of patients to use euthanasia that is against their will.
Coercion of the patient most likely comes from his or her family not only because of financial burden but also caring loads. While there are no data on how many requests for euthanasia are influenced by family pressures due to financial burdens in foreign countries, it is reported in 7.
Apart from financial burden, terminally ill patients also indirectly place significant caring responsibility on families that can lead to coercive pressures to impose euthanasia on the person Dyck, Taken the above example in the US, it is easy to predict that the number of patients who might be harmed is more than that who may benefit from legalization of euthanasia in Hong Kong.
Contrary to the above mentioned sentiment, the psychological distress and harm are brought to surviving family members of the patient in euthanasia.
Though this argument is not sound, sadness of family members should not be underestimated.
Of course, it is hard to compare the sadness between that of family members and the suffering of the individual patient without using euthanasia. Reinforcing inequality in health care services distribution The provision of euthanasia to patients prior to implementing optimal care medication should be highlighted in the discussion of euthanasia legalization.
When euthanasia is legalized, there are dying patients that have ended their lives to relieve pain before appropriate treatment measures were applied. Keown remarks that the benefits and harms of euthanasia legalization are in fact not fairly distributed.
The pressure to legalize euthanasia comes from relatively well-off, educated and political powerful people who are likely to be protected from the drawbacks of legalization with good health insurance.
Coercion to choose euthanasia usually occur on financially poor and powerless patients who may be underinsured, and cannot get all medical care they need Keown, For that reason, the benefits and harms of legalizing euthanasia will reinforce inequalities in the distribution of health care services between the rich and the poor in society.Jun 13, · Euthanasia is the deliberate killing of a person for the benefit of that person.
In most cases euthanasia is carried out because the person who dies asks for it, but there are cases called. Examples of ethical conflicts and moral dilemmas in health care are euthanasia confidentiality.
These bioethical dilemmas are affecting health care professionals, specifically the nurses. The term Euthanasia is from a Greek word for “good death” and in English it means an “easy death” or the “painless inducement of quick death”.
Legal Implications And Controversy Of Euthanasia Philosophy Essay. Print Reference this. (Overview of Arguments Against Euthanasia). Legal Implications – Legal argumentation focusing on euthanasia typically follow natural law, coming from a more religious tradition that the sanctity of human life exists in divine, rather than human .
Euthanasia is the way of ending the life of an individual who is having terminal pain or disease. Nowadays euthanasia considered as an ethical issue that from time to .
Euthanasia: An Ethical Decision. Spring Final Research Essays It seems that Singer has only shown a case where euthanasia may be permissible, but not where the line between ethical and non-ethical euthanasia actually is.
The application of utilitarianism itself, however, has several problems. Implications for Loss and Bereavement. Nursing is a career that takes more than just a handful of classes and certification programs to fully understand.
Aside from the considerable academic workload and extensive paper writing that goes into becoming a nurse, there is a huge emphasis placed on ensuring that nurses are trained to understand the ethical implications of the actions they take.