When we founded Consortiumnews. Journalist Robert Parry Indeed, that was the original reason that I turned to what was then a new media platform to create a home for well-reported stories and to challenge the many misguided conventional wisdoms. As one of the reporters who helped expose the Iran-Contra scandal for The Associated Press in the mids, I was distressed by the silliness and propaganda that had come to pervade American journalism.
Sprinting[ edit ] Most of the sprinters who run less than 10 seconds are of West African descent, with the majority being of Afro-Caribbean and African-American descent. Chief among these is a preponderance of natural fast twitch muscle fibers, which aid in quicker reaction times.
Scientists have concluded that elite-level sprinting is virtually impossible in Video reflection african americans in sports absence of the ACTN3 protein, a "speed gene" most common among persons of West African descent that renders fast twitch muscle fibers fast. Jon Entine has argued that this sporting prowess stems from their exceptional running economy.
A study by Pitsiladis et al. Graves argues that Kenyan athletes from the African Great Lakes region who have done well in long distance running all have come from high-altitude areas, whereas those from low-altitude areas do not perform particularly well.
He also argues that Koreans and Ecuadorians from high-altitude areas compete well with Kenyans in long-distance races. This suggests that it is the fact of having trained in a high altitude, combined with possible local level physiological adaptations to high-altitude environments that is behind the success in long distance running, not race.
Similarly, Graves argues that while it is superficially true that most of the world recordholders in the metre dash are of West African heritage, they also all have partial genetic heritage from Europe and Native America, they have also all trained outside of West Africa, and West African nations have not trained any top-level runners.
Graves says these factors make it impossible to say to which degree the success is best attributed to genetic or to environmental factors. However, inabout 8. During the — season, black males comprised The TIDES report on bowl-bound FBS teams found that the average graduation rate for white football student athletes was 81 percent on bowl-bound teams, and 61 percent for black student athletes,  and 26 percent of the bowl-bound schools graduated less than half of their black football student athletes, while not a single school graduated less than half of its white student athletes.
Whites are more likely to hold these views; however, some blacks and other racial affiliations do as well. He has asserted that there is no evidence to confirm the existence of "black athletic superiority".
The newspaper said that Chinese people have "congenital shortcomings" and "genetic differences" that meant that they are disadvantaged at "purely athletic events" when competing against "black and white athletes".
The success of hurdler Liu Xiang was explained by the hurdles event requiring technique which fit with the stereotype that Chinese are disciplined and intelligent. However, Li doubted that Chinese could compete in "pure sprinting ", although there did not exist any "credible scientific studies" which supported the idea that "Asians" were disadvantaged in "sprinting".
Education, Race, and Computing, UCLA researcher Jane Margolis outlines the history of segregation in swimming in the United States to show how blacks have been affected up to the present day by inadequate access to swimming facilities and lessons.
Japanese sprinters were also found to have a higher distribution of the mtDNA F. You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate.
September The baseball color linewhich included separate Negro league baseballwas one example of racial segregation in the United States. In the United States, a study found that a form of racial discrimination exists in NBA basketball, as white players received higher salaries than do blacks related to actual performance.
Funk says this may be due to viewer discrimination. Viewership increases when there is greater participation by white players, which means higher advertising incomes. This explains much of the salary gap. One method is comparing the price of sports memorabilia, such as baseball cards.
Another is looking at fan voting for all-star teams. Still another is looking at willingness to attend sporting events.
The evidence is mixed, with some studies finding bias against blacks and others not.
A bias, if it exists, may be diminishing and possibly disappearing, according to a study on fan voting for baseball all-star teams. Blacks in American baseball.“It’s a good thing for the community to see,” Norfleet said, “and a good thing for African Americans to see, that we do have prominent men in positions when it comes to the sports arena in Fort Wayne, Indiana.”.
Explore Biography's collection of African-American Firsts in Sports. See our picks, along with full biographies, photo galleries and videos, only on mtb15.com Video Reflection #1 After watching this video I feel very enlightened and that I have learned a lot about African American struggles through sports.
I never realized the amount of discrimination and prejudice they faced, nor did I realize the diversity challenges they faced. The Other African Americans: Contemporary African and Caribbean Families in the United States: Contemporary African and Caribbean Families in the United States [Yoku Shaw-Taylor] on mtb15.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Despite their growing presence, research on Caribbean and, especially, African immigrants has been scant. The scarcity of writings on these other African Americans. Reflections in Black is, finally and most powerfully, a refutation of the gross caricature of so many photographers who have, in their depiction of African Americans, continually emphasized poverty over family, despair over hope, rage over accomplishment/5(43).
The " Minnesota General Population Survey of Attitudes and Outlook Regarding Healthcare Services and Costs" was released on April 6, The results included measures of satisfaction with health care quality and costs, perceptions regarding changes in costs and payment responsibilities, and preferences for universal health care versus private health care insurance.